Gravity Die Casting: The Process of Creating Solidified Molds through Gravity Force

2023-04-27 00:22:58 By : admin
Gravity Die Casting Process - An Overview

Metal casting is a manufacturing process that involves pouring molten metal into a mould and allowing it to cool and solidify, producing complex and intricate parts. There are several types of casting methods, each with its unique characteristics and advantages. One such method is the Gravity Die Casting Process.
Gravity die casting - OpenLearn - Open University

The Gravity Die Casting Process is a moulding technique that utilizes the force of gravity to fill the molten metal into the mould. The process is carried out using a permanent mould made out of steel or cast iron, called a die. This die has two parts- the fixed half and the ejector half. When the molten metal is poured into the die cavity, it fills up the entire cavity, thanks to the uniform and efficient force of gravity. Once the metal cools and solidifies, it is ejected from the die, producing a high-quality and accurate cast part.

The Gravity Die Casting Process is suitable for manufacturing small to medium-sized metal parts in high volumes. It is commonly used for casting aluminium, brass, and copper alloys. Its advantages include:

1. Improved Surface Finish: Gravity Die Casting produces parts with smooth, consistent surface finish, free from porosity, shrinkage or other defects. This is due to the mould's excellent heat transfer properties, which allows for uniform cooling and solidification of the metal.

2. High Dimensional Accuracy: Gravity Die Casting results in highly accurate and repeatable parts, with tight tolerances and minimal variation. This is because the mould is precisely machined to the desired shape and size, ensuring the cast part closely matches the original design.

3. Reduced Post-Processing: Gravity Die Casting eliminates the need for any post-casting processing, such as trimming, deburring or sandblasting. This reduces lead times and lowers the overall manufacturing cost.

4. High Productivity: Gravity Die Casting is a fast and efficient process, capable of producing hundreds or thousands of parts in a short time. This makes it ideal for high-volume production runs.

The Gravity Die Casting Process is widely used in automotive, aerospace and industrial sectors for manufacturing parts such as engine blocks, gearbox housings, impellers, wheels, and brackets, to name a few.


Gravity Die Casting Process is an effective and reliable casting method that utilizes the force of gravity to produce high-quality and accurate metal parts. Its advantages include improved surface finish, high dimensional accuracy, reduced post-processing, and high productivity. If you're looking for a cost-effective way to manufacture small to medium-sized metal parts in high volumes, consider Gravity Die Casting as a viable option.